Skip to content

Green country: environment, energy and climate

Denmark has a long-standing tradition for having a sustainable environment, clean and renewable energy as well as a progressive climate policy.


Denmark has shown that economic growth and building a green society can go hand in hand. On this page you can read more about the Danish Energy and Climate policies and the cooperation between China and Denmark on renewable energy and energy efficiency.

Denmark is already one of the leading nations in renewable energy and energy efficiency. This is the result of an ambitious and visionary political strategy. Still, Denmark is continuously taking initiatives to further improve the sustainability of the Danish society and the global climate.

Unfold text
Collapse text

Danish energy policies

The oil crises of the 70s and its impact on the Danish economy forced Denmark to switch its energy policy into one focusing on renewable energy and a more energy efficient economy.

From the oil crisis to 2012 the Danish economy has grown around 78 %, with a nearly stable energy consumption and significant reduction in the carbon emissions. This is what we refer to as the Danish Example.

Denmark has shown that the pursuit of clean and energy efficient society goes hand in hand with high economic growth and a thriving business community. Danish companies within renewable energy, energy efficiency and other green technologies are among the global market leaders and green technology constitutes a significant share of the total Danish exports.

In 2012 Danish electricity production was roughly consisting of the following sources: 1/3 Wind Power, 1/3 Coal, 1/6 Bio Energy and 1/6 Natural Gas. 

It is the Danish government's ambition to have 50 % of the electricity consumption in 2020 be covered by wind power and to phase out coal by 2030.

The long term target is to achieve a society that is independent from fossil fuels in 2050.

Sino-Danish bilateral energy and climate cooperation

China and Denmark have had strong ties and close cooperation in the field of energy policy for many years.

In 1989 a Danish development project led to the establishment of China's first wind turbine power plant, and since then a Sino-Danish wind development program contributed to updated standards and regulations for wind power projects as well as updated wind resource mapping.

In the period 2009-2014 the Sino-Danish Renewable Energy Development program has worked to enhance the national capacity to develop the renewable energy sector in China. This work has led to the establishment of China National Renewable Energy Center (CNREC), which is today recognized both in China and internationally as a hub for Chinese renewable energy analysis. CNREC today cooperates closely with Danish energy policy experts, especially from Danish Energy Agency.

A wide range of bilateral agreements has been signed between the Danish and Chinese governments. The purpose of the bilateral cooperation is to exchange knowledge and experience on how to promote renewable energy and energy efficiency, and how to grow an economy in a green and sustainable way.

Clean water policy

In Denmark a lot of attention is being paid to the water environment and is one of few countries where the tap water is drinkable.

This is the result of many years of progressive water policies by the Danish government and a dedication to secure a clean groundwater.

The Danish parliament agreed on the first national plan for the water environment in 1987 which specified targets for the quality of the water in Denmark. This helped the significant decline in the amount of harmful substances from agricultural fertilizer and industrial production in the groundwater.

The political focus on clean water in Denmark has also resulted in plenty of bathing opportunities in lakes and along the coasts. Since 2002 it has been possible to take a swim in Copenhagen harbour in the middle of the city – an opportunity that is being used by many local citizens.

The clean waters around Copenhagen allow people to swim in the Copenhagen harbour.

Bicycle nation

Denmark is a biking nation.

With more than one hundred years of bicycling tradition, the bicycle occupies a strong position as a means of transportation in Denmark.

Nine out of ten Danes own a bicycle and 37% of the population in Copenhagen commute to work or school by bike. Especially in cities, bicycles are the preferred means of transportation. On average every Dane cycles 1.6 kilometers per day.

No other means of transportation combines fast and inexpensive transport with a desire for sustainable development and improvement of public health as the bicycle.


Unfold text
Collapse text


Content responsible

On energy and climate issues

Thomas Shapiro-Bengtsen
Counsellor (Energy)
Economic Affairs, Growth and Sector Policies
Phone: +86 (10) 8532 9991


On environment issues

Michael Schack Balle Jensen
First Secretary
Phone: +86 (10) 8532 9905