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Green country: Climate, Energy and Maritime

Denmark has a long-standing tradition for having a sustainable environment, clean and renewable energy as well as a progressive climate policy.


Denmark has shown that economic growth and building a green society can go hand in hand. On this page you can read more about the Danish Energy and Climate policies and the cooperation between China and Denmark on renewable energy and energy efficiency.

Denmark is already one of the leading nations in renewable energy and energy efficiency. This is the result of an ambitious and visionary political strategy. Still, Denmark is continuously taking initiatives to further improve the sustainability of the Danish society and the global climate.

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Danish energy policies

The oil crisis of the 70s and its impact on the Danish economy forced Denmark to switch its energy policy into one focusing on renewable energy and a more energy efficient economy.

Denmark has shown that the pursuit of clean and energy efficient society goes hand in hand with high economic growth and a thriving business community. Danish companies within renewable energy, energy efficiency and other green technologies are among the global market leaders and green technology constitutes a significant share of the total Danish exports.

The government aims to develop a more mar­ket-based and cost-effective policy approach to achieve the next ambitious steps in the energy conversion and the government’s goal of at least 50% renewable energy in 2030. Thus, we will con­tinue our rapid pursuit of the government’s long-term goal for Denmark: a low-emission society that is independent of fossil fuels by 2050.

Sino-Danish bilateral energy and climate cooperation

China and Denmark have had strong ties and close cooperation in the field of energy policy for many years.

In 1989 a Danish development project led to the establishment of China's first wind turbine power plant, and since then a Sino-Danish wind development program contributed to updated standards and regulations for wind power projects as well as updated wind resource mapping.

In the period 2009-2014, the Sino-Danish Renewable Energy Development program has worked to enhance the national capacity to develop the renewable energy sector in China. This work has led to the establishment of China National Renewable Energy Center (CNREC), which is today recognized both in China and internationally as a hub for Chinese renewable energy analysis. CNREC today cooperates closely with Danish energy policy experts, especially from Danish Energy Agency (DEA). One of the outcomes of establishing CNREC has been the development of the yearly China Renewable Energy Outlook (CREO). In 2019, CNREC has become a part of the Energy Research Institute, a department of the Policy creating government branch National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC).

A wide range of bilateral agreements has been signed between the Danish and Chinese governments. The purpose of the bilateral cooperation is to exchange knowledge and experiences on how to promote renewable energy and energy efficiency, and how to grow an economy in a green and sustainable way.

The Blue Denmark

Historically Denmark has been a maritime nation since the Vikings were roaming the world, establishing trade routes as far as the Caspian Sea and the Middle East.

In the modern global world Denmark is still among the world largest maritime nations and as of 2018, Denmark has the 6th largest fleet measure on operated tonnage.

Globally, shipping is responsible for 2,5% of all greenhouse gas emission, a fraction the International Maritime Organization (IMO) has promised to bring down. By 2050 the shipping industry, spearheaded by IMO aim to cut its GHG emissions by 50% (by 2008 level), and the first line of initiatives has proposed.

On a governmental level, China and Denmark are collaborating and exchanging knowledge and experiences on how to promote energy efficient and green shipping technologies, and how to grow the economy in a green and sustainable way. It is the goal to help the global shipping industry reach its goal, by conducting bilateral cooperation’s with our Chinese counterparts.

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Content responsible
Mr. Morten Kruse
Phone: +86 (10) 8532 9992